The medieval castle thrones high above the baroque old town of, the Hohensalzburg fortress. It is the city’s landmark, and at the same time it is the largest preserved medieval fortification in Europe. When you visit the fortress you also tour the inner ward and the fortress museum. There you will not only hear the history of the fortress, which has been unconquered by enemy troops, you will also get an insight on the every-day life of knights and lords of the castle, the archbishops. You can walk up to the fortress taking one of the numerous paths or you can take the funicular railway, which saves you the exhausting ascendancy.